Information on global and regional data sources
Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union. It collates information from many different surveys and sources and covers all EU countries. The database has information on many different themes including employment, health, education, living conditions and quality of life.
Credit Suisse produces an annual global wealth report. It seeks to capture net wealth, taking into account all assets and debt. It is the most established wealth database for research.
The DHS is a well-established, standard survey that is applied across many developing countries. It provides high quality data relating to marriage, fertility, family planning, maternal and child health (including mortality and child immunisation), maternal and child nutrition, malaria and HIV/AIDs. Some countries include additional modules. Data are often disaggregated by gender, location, income level and education level.
The ESS is a biannual survey conducted across almost all of Europe. It is very comprehensive covering topics of interest including health, the family, personal wellbeing and participation in many different cultural, business and community spheres. Data are freely available and cover a comprehensive level of disaggregation. With this tool it is possible to look at how privilege and disadvantage overlap across indicators.
The ILO provides a lot of information related to employment, sectoral and occupational characteristics and job quality, earnings, health and safety at work, as well as on aspects such as trade unions and strikes. The data reported here are gathered through other instruments and collated. This includes reporting all of the national Labour Force Surveys available online.
The Barometer series of surveys are carried out separately across different regions. They focus on values, voice and participation, as well as the perception of democracy and governance. Disaggregation is limited and is generally with regard to gender, education and age – and sometimes by income level – though this varies across regions. Access is free.
The EQLS is a European wide survey run by Eurofound. It is conducted every five years and has a focus on general living conditions as well as issues of social support, loneliness and exclusion.
The EWCS is a European wide survey run by Eurofound. It is conducted every five years. It is a specialised survey – with a high degree of disaggregation – focused on the terms and conditions of employment and economic activity outside the household.
The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) is an instrument aiming at collecting data related to income, poverty, social exclusion and living conditions. Disaggregation is comprehensive, including gender, income level, occupation, education level, citizenship and other relevant categories.
The Fund for Peace Fragile States Index may be useful in providing data related to group grievances (domain 7). It aims at global coverage and provides a global index for comparison between countries, as well as a dashboard to enable analysis on a country basis.
Gallup is a US research-based, global performance-management consulting company, known for its public opinion polls conducted worldwide. It conducts the Gallup World Poll to research citizens’ opinions on a wide range of issues including media freedom, security, leadership approval, happiness and employment. No free access.
The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation maintains the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) database. It gathers global data related to mortality, diseases and injuries, disaggregated by age and gender.
The World Health Organisation maintains the Global Health Observatory as a global data source on life and health issues. It has an online analysis tool that enables selection by country and a particular indicator. Available disaggregation limited to age and gender.
This is the ILO’s platform on forced labour. It aims to have global coverage and to collect information from as many countries as possible. There is also a lot of qualitative information, with many special reports on different industries and different countries.
OECD Stats collects data for OECD countries as well as some non-member countries (Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Lithuania, Russia, South Africa). Data are collected on a wide range of topics including social protection, social expenditure by sector, income distribution and poverty. It is one of the few sources of data on measures such as ‘indebtedness’ and ‘housing costs overburden’.
The OSCE-ODHIR is a regional human rights office. It maintains a website to report on hate crime. This is not an official survey but it collates information from groups that monitor hate crime in the countries covered. Information is available on different types of hate crimes, disaggregated by religion and other aspects of identity.
The Pew Research Centre conducts surveys on religion and public life. Their website hosts special country or regional level surveys as well as a global dataset (compiled since 2007) regarding government restrictions on, and social hostilities towards, religion.
This World Bank database is a very useful source for data on income and consumption inequality. It has near global coverage and spans several decades.
This global database has been set up to track progress against the SDGs. You can select your country and view all indicators and information available across a wide variety of areas including health, education, water and sanitation, energy, poverty, employment and many more aspects. The level of disaggregation available varies a lot between countries. It may be useful to use this source as a starting point to find out the underlying source of information.
The UN-CTS provides freely accessible, statistical information on crime trends in member countries, including homicide, assaults, sexual violence, robbery, kidnapping and theft. It also provides information on criminal justice systems including people arrested, prosecuted, convicted and in prison, as well as criminal justice system resources. Its coverage is nearly global and information is updated annually.
The United Nations Statistics Division maintains global data related to population size and composition. It is mainly unrelated to the indicators chosen here in the multidimensional inequality framework, but there is an exception: the ‘live births by gender’ measure. Find it directly at the link below.
The WVS is a global survey covers around one hundred countries and is conducted every five years. This survey has information on several areas of interest, particularly in relation to values and attitudes and political participation. Disaggregation of data is limited but is generally available by income level/social class and by gender.
The World Wealth and Income Database (WID.world) aims to provide open and convenient access to the most extensive available database on the historical evolution of the world distribution of income and wealth, both within and between countries. Efforts are ongoing to expand the time and geographical coverage, in particular for the countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America.