The MIF provides a systematic approach to measuring and analysing inequalities, providing you with a basis for the identification of the causes of these inequalities as well as the possible avenues for inequality reduction. It allows you to:
Identify inequalities in human capabilities across seven “domains of life” or areas that matter for human life and determine a person’s wellbeing, looking at for example aspects such as life and health, education and learning, and participation, influence and voice.
Measure inequalities, through a number of suggested indicators and measures, with different variables of disaggregation.
Analyse the drivers or causes of inequalities by domain, helping to do a “diagnosis” of the different outcomes observed in a given society.
Explore potential pathways for inequality reduction, including candidate policies by domain.
This section will guide you through different steps and resources to apply the MIF.
Discover the MIF at a glance
Remember … Context matters: make the framework yours!
It is up to you to decide how to use the MIF, based on what makes sense in your unique context. Depending on your previous knowledge and work, you may want to explore all the domains of life or just a number of them, analyse drivers or use the Oxfam toolkit to explore potential pathways for change. Individuals and teams can use the MIF in a way that meets their specific needs and goals, whether they relate to generating knowledge, advocating and campaigning on inequalities, or improving programmes’ design and delivery. There are plenty of choices to make the framework yours. Keep on exploring!
Useful tips for applying the inequality framework
You can use the MIF to undertake very specific tasks or in more ambitious long-term processes. Check these practical tips on how to get started.
Agree within your team the key objectives for the application of this framework.
If useful, consider the formation of a taskforce to guide the implementation of the framework. It may involve staff and partners, as well as external expert advisors.
Choose the mix of expertise you want on your taskforce:
- Consider the partners you want to involve and mobilise around inequality.
- Consider linking up with some technical specialists and experts to guarantee the right support in applying the framework – particularly if it will involve reviewing data.
- You may also want to invite government or media representatives to take part. This can ensure this exercise is as useful as possible to your programming and influencing agenda.
Get to know the Multidimensional Inequality Framework:
Review the content of its seven domains and sub-domains. Some will be more familiar than others, though all are important domains when it comes to a person’s wellbeing.
Discover the domains
- Reflect on whether your team will look at all domains, and fully within each domain. Teams are encouraged to include areas which may be less familiar to help move beyond traditional areas of action. Teams that want to adopt a multidimensional approach should consider working at least on three domains.
- Review the content of its seven domains and sub-domains. Some will be more familiar than others, though all are important domains when it comes to a person’s wellbeing.
Formulate an action plan for going forward. Make sure the key steps are contemplated in this plan including:
- The formation of your taskforce.
- How you will introduce the multidimensional inequality framework to taskforce members.
- How you will select the domains and sub-domains you want to cover in your analysis.
- How you will approach the task of gathering data.
- How and when you will conduct your analysis of drivers and potential solutions.
- How and when you will present full findings to your team and take further steps in relation to your strategy, programmes and campaigns.
- What financial, time and human resources you will require to implement the framework.
Remember this is only a suggestion based on the experience of applying the framework in pilot countries: Guatemala and Spain. Feel free to develop your own action plan and approach!